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Remembrance Day (Dodenherdenking)-
4th May of every Year is the day that the Dutch hold as the day of remembrance of the dead. Thus it is called the Remembrance day. This is the time to honor all the soldiers of the armed force of kingdom of Netherlands and the civilians who lost their life in the World War II, the other war and in peace keeping missions. Remembrance Day held on 4 of May of every Year to show their gratitude. Usually Members of the royal family, members of the cabinet, military leaders, representative of the social groups assemble at Dam Square to attend this ceremony. Main ceremony held at Amsterdamís National Monument at Dam Square. A wreath is laid by the Queen and the Prime minister at the National monument. People gather at the Nieuwe Kerk and at Dam Square in Amsterdam to commemorate the dead. Two minutes silence at 8:00 p.m. is observed throughout the country. In many towns speeches are organized around a monument before and after silence, people gather to hear the speech and to lay down the flowers to remember the dead. The flag is hung at half staff. The ceremony is held annually in Amsterdam. Some of the business remains close on this day. The media broadcast only the ceremonies taking place in the town. Public transport is stopped. Memorial services are also held throughout the country.
Liberation Day (Bevrijdingsdag)-
The next day that is 5th May is the festive day of celebration that marks the end of Nazi occupation in the World War II. This is one of the biggest festivals in Amsterdam. It is celebrated as the Liberation Day. The Germans surrendered on this day, thus it is celebrated as the day of Liberation from the German and Japanese occupations. On 5th May 1945, the Netherlands got liberation in World War II from the Nazi German. The Netherlands got librated primarily by the Canadian troops along with the support of the British and the American armies. On the same day an agreement on the capitulation of German forces reached in the Netherlands. This capitulation agreement was signed the very next day in the auditorium of Wagegingen University. Untill 1990 this day was commemorated every 5 years. But in 1990 National Holiday was declared on May 5th to celebrate the day. Since then it is celebrated every year. The main spot of celebration takes place on the Museumplein Square. Many parties and concerts are conducted to celebrate the liberation day. Much business in Amsterdam opens for limited hours. Bands, speech and debates are organized on this freedom day.
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